March 20, 2023
Foreigners who decide to buy a house or apartment in Colombia can access a residence permit as a resident or migrant, as long as the value of the property purchased meets the minimum amount established by Colombian law. In this sense, obtaining a visa will depend on the capital that you allocate for the real estate investment.
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs is in charge of coordinating the expedition of visas in Colombia. Consequently, this entity regulates all the procedures that foreigners must follow to apply for a visa to invest in goods in Colombia and is also in charge of studying and approving the application.
At AGT attorneys, we have lawyers who are experts in processing visa applications for real estate investors. Additionally, they can provide personalized advice on the viability of the purchase of real estate through a title study, in order to ensure that the property is free of mortgages, liens or other encumbrances that may affect the assets of the future owner.
In our firm, we take care of all the formalities of the purchase, such as opening a bank account for payment in Colombian pesos, signatures before the notary, and registration of the public deed, among others. Contact us at the following Contact Form, or contact us by WhatsApp at the following number: +57 310 5706331
In this article, we will explain the types of visas for which an investor of property in Colombia can apply, the requirements, and the respective procedure, among other important aspects.
The investor visa for property in Colombia consists of the authorization granted by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs to foreigners who make foreign direct investments in the country through the purchase of the real estate. The Investor Visa (M) is established in Resolution 5477 of 2022 and allows the foreigner to enter and stay in Colombia.
The Resolution 5477 of 2022, which came into force on October 21, 2022, contemplates two foreign investment visa types. These are:
applies to the foreigner who has made Foreign Direct Investment or has acquired a property of his own and maintains the investment during the term of his visa. The foreign investment made must exceed a value of 650 minimum monthly legal wages in force.
which has as a condition to have constituted or acquired a participation in the capital stock of a Colombian commercial company in the minimum established amounts. This acquisition of capital or participation cannot be less than 100 minimum monthly legal wages in force.
The type M visa for Investor and Partner or Owner allows for accumulating time to apply for the Resident Visa. The terms to apply for it are set forth in article 90 of Resolution 5477 of 2022.
Visa type R for accumulated time may be requested by foreigners who have remained in the national territory with certain type M visas. The time to be accumulated varies according to the type of visa held by the foreigner.
|TYPE AND VISA CATEGORY||Minimum length of stayrequired as visa holder|
|(M) Spouse of a Colombian national||3 years|
|(M) Mother r father of a Colombian national by adoption||2 years|
|(M) Father or mother of a Colombian national by birth||2 years|
|(M) Mercosur Migrant||2 years|
|(M) Andean Migrant||2 years|
|(M) Stateless Migrant||2 years|
|(M) Permanent partner of Colombian national||5 years|
|(M) Refugee||5 years|
|(M) Worker||5 years|
|(M) Partner or Owner||5 years|
|(M) Independent Professional||5 years|
|(M) Retired||5 years|
|(M) Promoting Internationalization||5 years|
|(M) Investor||5 years|
|(R) Beneficiary||5 years|
Therefore, for the Investor (M) Visa, a minimum time of permanence as a visa holder is required in order to begin the process of the (R) Visa for accumulated time. Likewise, it will also be 5 years for the (M) Partner or Owner Visa.
The Foreign Investment Registration consists on the procedure to be carried out by foreigners who have made foreign capital investments in Colombian territory. The foreign investment can be made on several assets, including the purchase of real estate in Colombia.
The respective registration may be made through the electronic forms provided by the Bank of the Republic. Once this procedure is done, Bank of the Republic will issue a Foreign Direct Investment certification that certifies that the holder.
Resolution 5477 of 2022, grants a series of benefits to the holders of the (M) Investor and (M) Partner or Owner visas.
The acquisition of both types of visas grants the principal holder the ability to apply for a beneficiary visa. The beneficiaries are defined in article 3 of said resolution. Therefore, a beneficiary is:
Therefore, they may have as beneficiaries the members of their household who are economically dependent on them. The visa as beneficiary will have the same validity as the visa of the principal holder and may not exceed the validity of the holder.
It should be noted that the beneficiary's visa will expire when he/she ceases to be economically dependent on the principal holder, when he/she loses the status of spouse or permanent partner of the principal holder or when the beneficiary child reaches 25 years of age without being on disability.
The foreigner may apply for the Investor or Partner/Owner Visa (M) in Colombia by filling out the electronic visa application form. Likewise, he/she must pay the application fee within the time period established for this purpose.
The documents submitted must have an issue date no more than three months prior to the registration of the application, except for identity documents.
It is important to note that Colombian regulations establish the requirements to apply for visas. However, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs may request additional documentation or conduct interviews when it deems it necessary.
Likewise, the issuance of visas is a discretionary decision made by the President as Head of State, Head of Government, and Supreme Administrative Authority, and therefore he is in charge of Colombia's international relations. This power was delegated to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, so it will be under the discretion of the Ministry whether the visa is granted or not.
The Ministry will be in charge of reviewing the requirements and the application for its eventual issuance or rejection. In some cases, it verifies the applicant's judicial record in the database of the National Police and other databases. In some cases, the applicant may be asked to provide the background of his or her country.
The admission, inadmissibility, or refusal of the visa will be communicated to the applicant within 5 days from the date on which the application was made. When the visa is approved, an issuance fee must be paid within 30 days. In case the visa has errors, the visa holder may request a correction by providing the correct data.
It is important to have lawyers who are experts in immigration procedures, since they will be able to guide you with all the requirements and documents that must be submitted. Likewise, they are in charge of meeting the requirements made by the visa authorities at the indicated times in order to guarantee the issuance of the visa and avoid inadmissibility.
If you would like legal advice, please contact our firm AGT in the following Contact Form.
The (M) Investor Visa is valid for up to 3 years, however, it has a particularity. The Visa Authority must be informed of any change in the investment, since the visa itself will depend on it.
On the other hand, the (M) Partner or Owner Visa will also be valid for up to 3 years and is subject to the maintenance of the shareholding in the company.
On the other hand, the cancellation of the visa is a procedure by which the validity of a visa is terminated for serious cases and forces the foreigner to leave the country.
If you have any doubts about the visa process in Colombia, do not hesitate to contact us at AGT Abogados. Our firm has excellent lawyers in immigration and investment law that will guide you in the selection of the visa that best applies to your type of investment and business activity.
It is important to note that, according to Article 10 of the Tax Statute, investors in assets in Colombia who remain continuously or discontinuously in the country for more than 183 days in a period of 1 year, will be tax residents in Colombia.
In other words, they must comply with tax obligations such as the filing of income tax returns, consisting of reporting the income generated in Colombia and abroad. Likewise, they must declare their patrimony, for example, specify the real estate acquired in Colombia and abroad.
However, there are some exceptions for not being tax residents in Colombia. If you need detailed legal advice on the tax obligations of investors in assets in Colombia, do not hesitate to contact our law firm.
At AGT Attorneys we have legal professionals, experts in Immigration Law, with extensive experience in processing visas for foreigners who invest in the purchase of real estate in Colombia or make any type of foreign investment. Our lawyers are in charge of registering the foreign direct investment and obtaining the investment certificates before the Bank of the Republic and start the application process.
Write to us on our Contact Form, schedule your legal appointment with our lawyers through the following link or contact us at +57 310 5706331. We will be happy to assist you!If you found this article helpful then let us know in the comments section below. Likewise, feel free to share it using the share options below. Want us to cover another topic of your interest pertaining to legal affairs? If so, then like us and follow us on social media, and post to any of our social media profiles the topic you'd like us to discuss: Facebook AGT Attorneys and Twitter @AttorneysAGT
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