September 19, 2018
Have you ever wondered why it is so important to know the legal implications of unfair competition? If you haven't, you should do it since you have the right and the duty to know the law, or at least to know the most important aspects of it, especially because when it comes to the business' world, this issue acquires relevance.
Companies are responsible for not incurring in acts of unfair competition that may harm the normal exercise and development of economic activities carried out by third parties. Likewise, companies are entitled to act in its defense against unfair competition acts, in the same way, is in the duty not to engage in anti-competitive behavior that compromises the participation of others in the market.
Below, we present some of the most frequent doubts that people tend to have about this topic and their respective answers, in order to help you improve or reinforce your general knowledge about it:
What are the cases in which I can take actions due to unfair competition?These legal actions can be taken in cases in which unfair competition has already been committed or is being committed. If the act hasn't been completed yet or hasn't caused any prejudice, the plaintiff may not demand compensation for damage.
What actions are considered unfair competition?The following activities are considered unfair competition:
What are the actions that the unfair competition law allows to execute?Basically, there are two actions that can be undertaken, but this will depend on the particular circumstances of each case: declaratory and sentencing action, preventing or prohibition action. The first is applicable in cases where the illegal activity has been committed or it's being committed and is causing prejudice, for which compensation can be requested. The second applies when the illegal activity hasn't been completed or caused any prejudice yet, being able to request compensation for damages.
What regulations can be consulted to know about the unfair competition action?First, you should consult the substance regulation contained in Law 256 of 1996 and second, the procedural provisions provided in Law 1395 of 2010, the Code of Civil Procedure, Law 640 of 2001, Law 962 of 2005 and Law 610 of 1999.
Who can exercise unfair competition actions?Any natural or legal person that participates or demonstrates their intention to participate in the market and finds that their economic interests are being harmed or threatened by current or potential realization of unfair competition acts. Likewise, unfair competition acts can be encouraged by guilds or professional associations, consumer protection associations and the Attorney General of the nation, when the members, consumers or public interests are affected or threatened.
Against whom actions of unfair competition can be exercised?Actions for unfair competition can be undertaken against any person whose conduct has helped to the performance of an illegal act. If it's a case in which the person who carried out the conduct is a worker in full exercise of their duties, the responsibility of the act and the legal action will fall against the employer who has hired the service.
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